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Table 9 The incidence of perioperative adverse events in both study groups

From: Midazolam–ketamine versus dexmedetomidine–ketamine combinations for anesthesia of pediatric patients undergoing cardiac catheterization

Side effects Group D (n = 25) Group M (n = 25) P value
Nausea/vomiting 1 (4%) 4 (16%) 0.157
Tachycardia (HR inc > 20% from baseline) 0 (0%) 3 (12%) 0.074
Bradycardia (HR dec > 20% from baseline) 3 (12%) 0 (0%) 0.074
Hypotension 2 (8%) 1 (4%) 0.551
O2 desaturation (SpO2 dropped to be < 92% from baseline) 2 (8%) 2 (8%) 1
Shivering 0 (0%) 3 (12%) 0.074
Laryngeal spasm 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
Increased oral secretions 0 (0%) 1 (4%) 0.312
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