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Table 3 Intraoperative drug consumption frequencies

From: Spinal anesthesia for lengthy lower limb orthopedic surgeries: dexmedetomidine plus fentanyl versus dexmedetomidine

  Group D Group DF P
Fluids administered (ml) 3094 ± 688 2979 ± 477 0.530
Urine output (ml) 677 ± 420 646 ± 290 0.180
Blood Loss (ml) 635 ± 332 536 ± 261 0.250
Blood transfusion (units) 1 (0–3) 0 (0–2) 0.217
Drug consumptions:
 Midazolam n (%) (dose 1–5 mg) 4 (18%) 0 (0%)* 0.001
 Fentanyl n (%) (dose 25–100 μg) 4 (18%) 4 (18%) 0.971
 Propofol n (%) (dose 30–150 mg) 5 (23%) 3 (13%) 0.432
 General anesthesia n (%) 4 (18%) 2 (9%) 0.386
 Atropine n (%) (dose 0.5–1.5 mg) 12 (52%) 10 (44%) 0.502
 Ephedrine n (%) (dose 5–50 mg) 19 (82%)* 16 (62%) 0.035
  1. Data are in mean ± SD, median (range), or number (percent)
  2. *Significant difference, P ≤ 0.05
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