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Table 1 Patient characteristics and preoperative risk factors and drugs

From: Comparing perioperative magnesium sulphate, lidocaine, and their combination in preventing ventricular arrhythmia in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting

Variable Mg group Lidocaine group Combination group Test P value
Age 58.87 ± 2.11 59.37 ± 3.90 58.40 ± 2.91 0.75 0.47 (ns)
Sex (male/female) 18/12 (56.0:40.0%) 21/9 (70.0:30.0%) 23/7 (76.7:23.3%) 1.97 0.37 (ns)
Diabetes 8 (26.7%) 8 (26.7%) 9 (30.0%) 0.11 0.94 (ns)
Smoking 11 (36.7%) 15 (50.0%) 18 (60.0%) 3.29 0.19 (ns)
Preoperative drugs β-blockers 0 (0.0%) 1 (3.3%) 1 (3.3%) 1.02 0.60 (ns)
Digitalis 3 (10.0%) 1 (3.3%) 0 (0.0%) 3.66 0.16 (ns)
  1. Data presented as mean ± SD, or number (%). ns not significant (P > 0.05)
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