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Table 4 Shows the complications associated with surgery for placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders (Allen et al. 2018)

From: Efficacy of tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss, blood and blood products requirements in Cesarian sections for patients with placenta accreta

Median estimation of blood loss2–3 L
Median units of packed red blood cells transfused3.4–5.4 L
Large volume blood transfusions (> 10 L)5–40%
Injury to bladder7–40%
Injury to ureter0–18%
Admission to intensive care unit15–66%
Bowel injury/obstruction2–4%
Venous thromboembolism4%
Surgical site infection18–32%
Maternal mortality1–7%