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Table 1 Modified Ramsay sedation scores (RSS) (Rasheed et al., 2019)

From: Comparative study between intranasal dexmedetomidine and intranasal ketamine as a premedication for anxiolysis and sedation before pediatric general anesthesia

Level 1 Patient awake, anxious and agitated or restless, or both
Level 2 Patient awake, cooperative, oriented, and tranquil
Level 3 Patient awake, responds to commands only
Level 4 Patient asleep, brisk response to light glabellar tap or loud auditory stimulus
Level 5 Patient asleep, sluggish response to light glabellar tap or loud auditory stimulus
Level 6 Patient asleep, no response to light glabellar tap or loud auditory stimulus