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Table 6 Comparison between group D and group K as regards heart rate (HR)

From: Comparative study between intranasal dexmedetomidine and intranasal ketamine as a premedication for anxiolysis and sedation before pediatric general anesthesia

HR Group D Group K P value Sig.
No. = 38 No. = 38
Preoperative baseline before giving the intranasal drug (0 min) Mean ± SD 105.34 ± 6.57 107.55 ± 5.39 0.113 NS
Preoperative 10 min after giving the intranasal drug Mean ± SD 105.29 ± 6.02 108.45 ± 5.47 0.019 S
Preoperative 20 min after giving the intranasal drug Mean ± SD 102.32 ± 6.10 105.76 ± 5.53 0.012 S
Preoperative 30 min after giving the intranasal drug Mean ± SD 97.79 ± 3.54 104.92 ± 4.98 0.000 HS
Intraoperative before induction of GA (0 min) Mean ± SD 97.79 ± 3.54 104.92 ± 4.98 0.000 HS
Intraoperative 10 min after induction of GA Mean ± SD 97.66 ± 6.65 99.97 ± 5.83 0.111 NS
Intraoperative 20 min after induction of GA Mean ± SD 96.58 ± 6.26 98.95 ± 5.54 0.085 NS
Intraoperative 30 min after induction of GA Mean ± SD 98.24 ± 6.31 99.50 ± 5.27 0.347 NS
Postoperative in recovery (0 min) Mean ± SD 99.66 ± 5.82 102.95 ± 5.38 0.013 S
Postoperative 10 min after recovery Mean ± SD 98.32 ± 6.83 101.97 ± 5.23 0.011 S
Postoperative 20 min after recovery Mean ± SD 97.16 ± 6.75 100.76 ± 5.72 0.014 S
Postoperative 30 min after recovery Mean ± SD 96.18 ± 6.49 99.66 ± 5.80 0.016 S
  1. P value > 0.05, non-significant; P value < 0.05, significant; P value < 0.01, highly significant