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Table 2 Study characteristics

From: Anesthesia for cesarean delivery: general or regional anesthesia—a systematic review

Author/year Title Method No. of participants Location
Abdallah/2014 (Abdallah et al. 2014) A comparative study of GA versus combined spinal-epidural anesthesia on the fetus in cesarean section Cross-sectional observational prospective study 60 consecutive pregnant women at term Kasr Al-Aini Obstetric Hospital, Egypt
Jain/2013 (Jain et al. 2013) A randomized comparison of the effects of low-dose spinal or GA on umbilical cord blood gases during cesarean delivery of growth-restricted fetuses with impaired Doppler flow Prospective, randomized clinical trial 40 pregnant women Tertiary care hospital, India
Arslantas/2019 (Arslantas and Umuroglu 2019) Comparing the effects of general and spinal anesthesia on the postoperative pain intensity in patients undergoing emergent or elective cesarean section Prospective, observational study 212 parturient women Istanbul, Turkey
Chen/2019 (Chen et al. 2019) Comparison of effects of GA and combined spinal/epidural anesthesia for cesarean delivery on umbilical cord blood gas values: a double-blind, randomized, controlled study A double-blind, randomized, controlled study 112 parturient women The First People’s Hospital of Jingzhou, China
Saygi/2015 (Saygi et al. 2015) Comparison of maternal and fetal outcomes among patients undergoing cesarean section under general and spinal anesthesia: a randomized clinical trial Randomized clinical trial 100 patients who underwent elective cesarean section Tertiary-level public hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Solangi/2012 (Solangi et al. 2012) Comparison of the effects of general versus spinal anesthesia on neonatal outcome Randomized control trial 160 patients Peoples Medical College Hospital, Nawabshah, Pakistan
Açıkel/2017 (Açıkel et al. 2017) Comparison of patient satisfaction between general and spinal anesthesia in emergency cesarean deliveries Prospective, single-blind, cross-sectional clinical study 100 patients Turkey
Edipoglu/2018 (Edipoglu et al. 2018) Effect of anesthetic technique on neonatal morbidity in emergency cesarean section for fetal distress Prospective observational study 61 patients Tertiary Education and Research Hospital, Turkey
Mancuso/2010 (Mancuso et al. 2010) General versus spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean sections: effects on neonatal short-term outcome. A prospective randomized study A prospective randomized study 234 pregnant women Department of Gynecological, Obstetrical Sciences and Reproductive Medicine in Messina University Hospital, Italy
Madkour/2019 (Madkour et al. 2019) General versus spinal anesthesia during elective cesarean section in term low-risk pregnancy as regards maternal and neonatal outcomes: a prospective, controlled clinical trial Prospective, controlled clinical trial 64 low-risk pregnant women Zagazig University Hospital, Egypt
Staikou/2013 (Staikou et al. 2013) Maternal and umbilical cord oxygen content and acid-base balance in relation to general, epidural or subarachnoid anesthesia for term elective cesarean section Randomized study 380 parturient women Athens, Greece
Saracoglu/2012 (Saracoglu et al. 2012) Neuraxial block versus GA for cesarean section: post-operative pain scores and analgesic requirements Prospective, double-blinded study 60 patients undergoing elective cesarean surgery Central Education and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey
Havas/2013 (Havas et al. 2013) Spinal anesthesia for elective cesarean section is associated with shorter hospital stay compared to GA Prospective study 188 term parturient women Istanbul, Turkey
Kessous/2012 (Kessous et al. 2012) Spinal versus GA in cesarean sections: the effects on postoperative pain perception Prospective, observational study 153 women were enrolled Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Soroka University Medical Centre in Be’er Sheva, Israel